Shifting Police Functions

In recent months, calls to offload police functions – and to defund the police accordingly – have increased, especially within communities of color. People in such communities say that they are over-policed for minor infractions or crisis situations that too often result in a use of force or an arrest. These perceptions are reflected in the data: while arrest rates for disorder offenses have plummeted in recent years, along with disparities in such rates, Black arrest rates for disorder offenses remain substantially higher than White arrest rates (see Policing by the Numbers). These interactions not only lead to Black people being arrested disproportionately, but can also prompt the use of unnecessary force.


Read the full brief here.