Reports

Reports

Shifting Police Functions

Shifting Police Functions

In recent months, calls to offload police functions – and to defund the police accordingly – have increased, especially within ...
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Early Intervention Systems

Early Intervention Systems

Early intervention systems (EIS) are data-driven tools used by law enforcement agencies to identify officers who may be at risk ...
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Officer Wellness

Officer Wellness

Policing is a stressful profession, characterized by long shifts, challenging interactions with people in trouble or crisis, difficult work environments, ...
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Recruitment, Diversity, and Retention

Recruitment, Diversity, and Retention

The skills required to serve capably as a police officer are wide-ranging. In addition to handling traditional patrol and investigative ...
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Qualified Immunity

Qualified Immunity

Qualified immunity is a legal doctrine that was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in the 1960s. While it has ...
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Civilian Oversight

Civilian Oversight

Civilian oversight panels are intended to give voice to community members and enhance transparency and accountability through an independent review ...
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Body-Worn Cameras

Body-Worn Cameras

Body-worn cameras (BWCs) are deployed to generate an objective record of police officers’ interactions with members of the public. Video ...
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Decertification

Decertification

Most states have a process for revoking police officers’ certification when they are convicted of felonies or certain misdemeanors, as ...
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Government Oversight and Reform Measures

Government Oversight and Reform Measures

Police departments and other law enforcement agencies are insular institutions, and while internal investigations of misconduct and uses of force ...
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Policing by the Numbers

Policing by the Numbers

Mounting criticism of American policing following the violent death of George Floyd and others at the hands of law enforcement ...
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Implicit Bias Training

Implicit Bias Training

Research indicates that all humans make automatic, unconscious associations about groups of people based on their culture, identity, upbringing, and ...
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Procedural Justice Training

Procedural Justice Training

In the context of policing, procedural justice is a term used to describe officers’ respectful, transparent, and equitable conduct with ...
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